Introduction to HTML

  Computer Guru       February 6, 2020      876


Introduction to HTML

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a web page describing language developed by W3 Consortium (founder of W3 Consortium “Tim Berners Lee” in 1991).

File Extension: .html or .htm

Importance of HTML in Web page Designing

HTML is a significant tool for building up a website or web applications. It is a scripting language used to describe the structure of information on a web page. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript makes up the essential building blocks of websites. HTML controls page heading, paragraph, inserting images, creating table, list items, creating forms etc. CSS controls the look of a page, and JavaScript designs interactive a contents.

Advantages of HTML

  1. HTML is Basic of all Programming Languages
  2. It is Free
  3. HTML is Easy to Learn and Use
  4. HTML can integrate easily with Other Languages
  5. HTML is User-Friendly
  6. HTML is supported by all Browsers
  7. HTML is the Most Friendly Search Engine
  8. HTML is Simple to Edit
  9. HTML is very Lightweight
  10. Display Changes Instantly

Disadvantages of HTML

  1. It can create only static and plain pages so we can not create dynamic pages using HTML.
  2. Need to write a lot of code for making a simple webpage.
  3. Security features are not available in HTML.
  4. If we need to write long code for making a webpage then it produces some complexity.


Creating page

Text Editor: Notepad, Notepad++, Sublime Text, Atom, Brackets, Dreamweaver, Microsoft Front Page etc.

Web browser: Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, opera, Safari etc.

Publishing website:

Basic structure of HTML

Example Code

<title>This is my first page</title>
<h1>Welcome to HTML</h1>
<p>Hi I am learning HTML. It is very interesting language. It is very easy to learn</p>

Example Video


HTML tags are element names surrounded by angle brackets:<>

There two types of html tag :

1. Paired tag (container tag):

  1. Opening tag <html>
  2. Closing tag </html>

2. Unpaired tag (empty tag)

  1. <br>
  2. <img>
  3. <hr>
  4. <input>
  5. <embed>
  6. <frame src>



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