Variables in Qbasic
A variable is a name of storage location in the computer’s memory, we can store different values in a Qbasic variables. A variable is needed in the program to store different data in the computer memory which are used for processing. The value stored in the variable is not fixed as its value may change during program execution time.
Rules for naming a variables in Qbasic
- A variable beginning should be with alphabets like : a, b, c, or A,B, C
- We can’t use keyword as a variable
- We should declare variable with a valid name means a unique name should be given to a variable.
- Variable name must be only up to 40 characters long in QBASIC.
- We can only use characters like: #,&,$,% and ! for declaring variable.
- Variables names are not case sensitive
Some valid or invalid Variables
|Roll.No||Valid||Variable name can have period|
|First_Name$||Valid||Variable name can have underscore|
|FisfName$||Valid||Variable name can have pascal case and camel case|
|12abc||Invalid||Variable name must start with alphabet|
|Kathmandu Nepal$||Invalid||Variable name cannot have space|
|Fname$||Invalid||Started with fn alphabets|
|RUN||Invalid||RUN is reserved word|
There are Two types of variable
- String Variable
- Numeric Variable
A variable which stores alphanumeric data is known as string variable it occupies 4 bytes for description and one byte for each character for string data.
Example: Name$, School$ address$ etc.
CLS PRINT "Welcome to Hi Tech Computer" name$ = "Yam Soti" ADDRESS$ = "Tulispur-5, Dang" PRINT name$ PRINT ADDRESS$ END
A variable which stores only number (numeric data) is called numeric variable. Numeric data means that can perform mathematical calculations.
Types of Numeric Variable
- Long Integer
- Single Precision
- Double Precision
1. Integer Variable
The integer variable stores a whole numbers without decimals. Integer may range from -32768 to 32767. It occupies 2 byte of memory to store an integer. Ex. X% = 15, RollNumber%, Age% etc.
CLS a% = 12 b% = 10 sum = a%+b% Print sum End
2. Long Integer Variable
The long integer variable can store a large range of whole number without decimals. It stores long integer ranges from -2147483648 to 2147483647. It occupies 4 byte in memory to store long integer. Ex. acNumber&, registrationNumber& etc.
CLS a& = 12345789 b& = 10542 sum = a&+b& Print sum End
3. Single Precision Variable
Single precision variable stores whole number with decimal point. It stores up to 7 digits number. It occupies 4 byte in memory to store numeric data. Ex. BasicSalary!, price!, tax! Etc.
CLS salary! = 9500.50 bonus! = 1296.81 sum = salary! + bonus! Print sum End
4. Double Precision Variable
Double precision variable also stores whole number as well as number decimal point. It stores number having up to 16 digits. It occupies 8 byte in memory to store number. Ex. lightSpeed#, distanceMoon# etc.
CLS abc# =123456789.50 D# = 123456789D+10 Print abc# Print D# End
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